FCI-Standard N° 37 -anglický originál

SECRETARIAT GENERAL: 13, Place Albert 1er B – 6530 Thuin (Belgique)
FCI-Standard N° 37
(Cão de Agua Português)

This illustration does not necessarily show the ideal example of the breed.
FCI-St. N° 37 / 30.03.2009
TRANSLATION : Portuguese Kennel Club. Revised by R. Triquet
& J. Mulholland and Renée Sporre-Willes.
ORIGIN : Portugal.
STANDARD : 04.11.2008.
UTILIZATION : Assistance with fishing and retrieving as well as
companion dog.
FCI- CLASSIFICATION : Group 8 Retrievers, Flushing Dogs,
Water Dogs.
Section 3 Water dogs.
Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : In ancient times, the
Portuguese Water Dog could be found throughout the entire
Portuguese coast. Thereafter, due to continuous changes in fishing
methods, the breed was located mainly in the Algarve region which
is now considered as its original birthplace. Its presence on the
Portuguese coast is probably very remote and thus the Portuguese
Water Dog should be considered as an autochthonous Portuguese
GENERAL APPEARANCE : A dog of medium proportions,
bracoïd tending to rectilinear to slight convex. Harmonious in shape,
balanced, strong and well muscled. Considerable development of the
muscles due to constant swimming.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : Of almost square shape, with the
length of body approximately equal to height at the withers.
FCI-St. N° 37 / 30.03.2009
The ratio of the height at the withers to the depth of the chest is 2:1;
the ratio of length of skull to muzzle is 4:3.
BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT : Exceptionally intelligent, it
understands and obeys easily and happily any order given by its
owner. An animal with impetuous disposition, wilful, courageous,
sober and resistant to fatigue. It has a severe, penetrating and
attentive expression, as well as remarkable visual and scent faculties.
An excellent and resistant swimmer and diver, it is the inseparable
companion of the fisherman for whom it performs a multitude of
tasks, both in fishing and in guarding and protecting its boat and
property. While fishing, it will willingly jump to sea to retrieve
escaped fish, diving if necessary and likewise if a net breaks or a
cable becomes loose. It is also used as a liaison between boats and
shore or vice-versa, even at great distances.
HEAD : Well proportioned, strong and broad. Parallel longitudinal
axes of the skull and muzzle.
Skull : Seen in profile it is slightly longer than the muzzle (4:3). Its
curvature is more accentuated at the back and the occipital
protuberance is pronounced. Seen from the front the parietal bones
are rounded with a slight depression in the middle; the front is
slightly hollow, the frontal furrow extends to two thirds of the
parietal bones and the superciliary arches are prominent.
Stop : Well defined and slightly behind the inner corners of the eyes.
Nose : Wide, with well open and pigmented nostrils. Black in black,
white and pied animals. In brown specimens the nose is the same
colour as the coat, but never marbled.
Muzzle : Straight, broader at the base than at the extremity.
FCI-St. N° 37 / 30.03.2009
Lips : Thick, especially in front. Commissure not prominent. Mucous
membranes (palate, under the tongue and gums) deeply pigmented in
black, deep brown in brown dogs.
Jaws/Teeth : Strong, healthy teeth, not visible when mouth is closed.
Strong and well developed canines. Scissor bite or pincer bite.
Eyes : Medium sized; noticeable and rounded in shape; set well apart
and slightly slanted. The iris is black or brown and the lids are thin
and black edged, brown in brown dogs. Unapparent conjunctive.
Ears : Set above the eye line, held against the head, slightly raised
from the rear and heart-shaped. Thin in texture, their extremity
never reaches below the throat.
NECK : Straight, short, rounded, well muscled, well set and carried
high; connecting to the body in an harmonious transition. Without
ruff or dewlap.
Top line : Straight; level.
Withers : Wide and not prominent.
Back : Straight, short, broad and well muscled.
Loin : Short and well connected to the croup.
Croup : Well proportioned, slightly sloping with symmetrical and
non apparent hip bones.
Chest : Wide and deep. Its lower edge should reach the elbow. The
ribs are long and well sprung, providing great respiratory capacity.
Underline & belly : Gracefully shaped and reduced in volume.
TAIL : Natural, of medium set-on, thick at its base, tapering towards
the end. Should not reach below the hock. When attentive curls in a
ring, not reaching beyond the middle of the loin. It is a useful aid for
swimming and diving.
FCI-St. N° 37 / 30.03.2009
General appearance : Strong and straight. Upright. Slightly sloping
pasterns are admissible.
Shoulder : Slanting in profile and transversely. Strong muscular
Upper arm : Strong and medium in size. Parallel to the main body
Forearm : Long and strongly muscled.
Carpus (pastern joint) : Strong bones, broader when seen from the
front than from the side.
Metacarpus (pastern) : Long and strong.
Forefeet Rounded and flat with slightly arched toes of medium
length. The webbing, extending over the whole length of the toes, is
composed of limp tissue and covered with abundant and long hair.
Black nails are preferred but, according to coat colour, may also be
white, striped or brown. The nails do not reach the ground. Hard
central pad and normal thickness in the other pads.
General appearance : Upright and well muscled. Slightly sloping
hocks are admissible.
Buttock : Strong and well rounded.
Thigh : Strong and medium in length. Very well muscled. Stifle
joint turned neither in nor out.
Second thigh : Long and very well muscled. Turned neither in nor
out. Well slanting from front to back. All tendons and ligaments are
Hock : Strong.
Metatarsus (rear pastern) : Long. Without dewclaws.
Hind feet : Identical to the forefeet in all aspects.
GAIT/MOVEMENT : Easy movement with short steps at walk;
light cadenced trot and energetic gallop.
FCI-St. N° 37 / 30.03.2009
SKIN : Thick, supple; not very tight; internal and external mucous
membranes preferably pigmented.
HAIR : The whole body is abundantly covered with strong hair, with
no undercoat.
There are two varieties: one long and wavy and the other shorter and
curly. The first is slightly shiny and woolly; the latter is dense,
lustreless and forms compact cylindrical curls. Except for the
underarms and groin the coat is even all over the skin. On the head it
forms a topknot of wavy hair in the long and wavy variety and of
curly hair in the curly variety. The hair in the ears is longer in the
long and wavy variety.
COLOUR : The coat is black or brown of various shades, or solid
white. In black or brown coats, white is accepted in the following
locations: muzzle, topknot, neck, forechest, belly, tip of tail and
lower extremities of the limbs, below the elbows and hocks. The
white coat must not be albino, consequently the nose, eyelids and
inside of the mouth should be pigmented in black, and brown in
brown dogs.
In this breed partial clipping of the coat, when it is too long, is
typical. The hindquarters, the muzzle and part of the tail are clipped,
leaving a plume of full length hair at the tip of the tail.
Height at withers :
Males: 50 – 57 cm. Ideal height 54 cm.
Females: 43 – 52 cm. Ideal height 46 cm.
FCI-St. N° 37 / 30.03.2009
Weight :
Males: 19 – 25 kg.
Females: 16 – 22 kg.
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be
considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be
regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on
the health and welfare of the dog.
· Head : Too long, narrow, flat or pointed.
· Muzzle : Too tapered or pointed.
· Eyes : Light, too protruding or too sunken.
· Ears : Incorrect set, too big, too short or folded.
· Tail : Heavy, dropped in action or raised perpendicularly.
· Aggressive or overly shy.
· Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural
abnormalities shall be disqualified.
· Size : Over-sized or under-sized
· Jaws : Undershot or overshot.
· Eyes : Wall eye, uneven in shape or size.
· Deafness : Congential or acquired.
· Tail : Docked, rudimentary or non-existent.
· Feet : Presence of dewclaws.
· Coat : Hair different from the described types.
· Colour : Albinism, marbled nostrils in whole or in part. Any
other colour than the described type.
FCI-St. N° 37 / 30.03.2009
· Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles
fully descended into the scrotum.
· Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed
typical conformation should be used for breeding.

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